Crop Monitor for AMIS
The GEOGLAM Crop Monitor  for the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) is a monthly bulletin on current growing conditions for the four major crops (wheat, maize,... More detail
Crop Monitor for Early Warning
The Crop Monitor for Early Warning (CM4EW) is a monthly, multi-source consensus bulletin assessing crop conditions in countries at risk for food insecurity, to anticipate... More detail
Rangelands and Pasture Productivity (RAPP)
The GEOGLAM RAPP initiative aims to improve global monitoring of rangelands and pastures, assessing their capacity to sustainably produce animal protein.   ... More detail
Asia Rice Crop Estimation and Monitoring (Asia-RiCE)
The Asia-RiCE initiative aims at improving operational rice crop monitoring and estimation using Earth observations in the Asian region.            ... More detail
Research and Development Towards Operations
The R&D component of GEOGLAM develops monitoring and reporting protocols, tools, and best practices suitable for monitoring the variety of global agricultural systems.... More detail
Earth Observation Data Acquisition and Dissemination Coordination
A close cooperation with Committee on Earth Observation (CEOS) to ensure provision of necessary satellite data for global crop monitoring, in a context of new satellites being... More detail


GEOGLAM is the Group on Earth Observations Global Agricultural Monitoring Initiative. It was initially launched by the Group of Twenty (G20) Agriculture Ministers in June 2011, in Paris. The G20 Ministerial Declaration states that GEOGLAM "will strengthen global agricultural monitoring by improving the use of remote sensing tools for crop production projections and weather forecasting". By providing coordinated Earth observations from satellites and integrating them with ground-based and other in-situ measurements, the initiative will contribute to generating reliable, accurate, timely and sustained crop monitoring information and yield forecasts.


GeoGlam Structure v2

The main objective of GEOGLAM is to reinforce the international community's capacity to produce and disseminate relevant, timely and accurate forecasts of agricultural production at national, regional, and global scales by using Earth Observation data. This will be achieved by:

  • enhancing national agricultural reporting systems, including through a geo-spatial education curriculum established to enable training of participants worldwide,
  • establishing a sustained international network of agricultural monitoring and research organizations and practitioners; and,
  • harmonizing the operational global agricultural monitoring systems based on both satellite and in situ observations, including through improved coordination of satellite observations.

GEOGLAM is a collaborative initiative with an inherently synthetic focus. It draws on the expert knowledge and experience of international agriculture experts from around the world, who focus on food production and food security and national, regional, and global scales. These different scales and themes of monitoring are reflected in the structure of GEOGLAM, which consists of 3 core components and 3 cross-cutting components carried out through a variety of projects around the world: GLOBAL/REGIONAL SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS  NATIONAL CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT MONITORING COUNTRIES AT RISK EO DATA COORDINATION METHOD IMPROVMENT Data, products &  INFORMATION DISSEMINATION

Through its activities, GEOGLAM addresses three different information needs and geographic foci:

  • Global & Regional Monitoring Systems (Component #1), in support of global scale market transparency and stability. This component should build on the existing global and regional systems; This activity focuses on the main producers/exporters: the G20+7 and Spain countries currently covered by AMIS which represent 85-90% of the global production of the 4 major world commodities (Wheat, Maize, Rice, and Soybean);
  • National Agricultural Monitoring Systems (Component #2) in support of national food security and agricultural policy. This activity covers any country which aims to monitor its own agricultural resources using EO. When facing inter-annual or geographic variability in production, EO-based methods can provide information and timely forecasts at national and subnational levels, which are necessary to manage import and export of food stocks.
  • Monitoring of Countries at Risk for Food Insecurity (Component #3), in which early warnings of food supply shortages can greatly mitigate human suffering. This activity focusses on the most vulnerable countries, at risk of food insecurity - in particular due to drought - to provide timely early warning on general food shortages and famine but also detection of hot spots affecting the livelihood and food security of smallholder farmers (staple crops) or pastoralists (livestock and rangelands).

The three cross-cutting components (below) which facilitate the implementation of one another and of the three thematic components include:

  • Coordination of Earth Observation (EO) Data (Component #4) (through collaboration with the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites, (CEOS)), including both acquiring and ensuring the continuity of appropriate data, and timely dissemination of data and information;
  • Research & Development toward Operations (Component #5), which includes the testing and evaluation of new methodologies, data streams, and data access technologies, as well as the facilitation of methods and experience sharing across diverse agricultural landscapes and monitoring activities (JECAM);
  • Development of Capacity for EO-based Methods (Component #6), for agricultural monitoring at national, regional, and global scales, and in both industrialized and underdeveloped nations.

The GEOGLAM Secretariat has been established within the Group on Earth Observations, hosted by the World Meteorological Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. GEOGLAM has established linkages with a number of key global programs and initiatives, including CEOS (to assist with implementing Component #4), and AMIS (to which GEOGLAM provides the Crop Monitor; Component #1), among others.

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